Culture of Slovakia
The Slovak culture reflects the country's rich folk tradition. The influence of broader European trends is evident in much of Slovakia's art, literature, and music to. It is especially the Hungarian culture whereby the Slovak one can not be separated.
The Slovakian spoken language appeared in literary texts during the 18th century. Anton Bernolk (1762-1813) was the first who attempted to create a literary language, which was used by two talented writers first, Jozef Ignc Bajza (1755-1836), the author of the first Slovakian novel, and the famous classical poet Jn Holl (1785-1849).
Among the well-known pieces of Slovakian art is the Venus of Monoravy from the Palaeolithic era, art forms from the stone and bronze age, and religious architecture from the Great Moravian Empire
Slovak sculpture, architecture and modern art are influenced both by Slovakian folklore and European art and are represented in by numerous artistic associations from these days. Peter Michal Bohn and J.B. Klemens were among the best-known artists of the 19th and 20th centuries
Music has long occupied an important place in Slovak cultural life. Traditional Slovakian music is one of the most original of Slavic and European folklore. Its' oldest form is liturgical (in Slavon) from the time of Great Moravia (9th century) which is the origin of the sacred music of the 15th and 16th centuries. Modern Slovak music has classical and folk styles as well. Well-known composers from the 20th century are Alexander Moyzes and the Jan Cikker. Today, music is one of the most significant aspects of Slovakian culture. Some of the most known orchestras are: The Philharmonic Orchestra of Bratislava and Kosice, The Symphonic Orchestra of Bratislava Broadcast and The Slovak Chamber Orchestra.
The best known Slovak soup is kapustnica, a hearty cabbage soup with smoked pork sausage that often contains mushrooms, and sometimes plums, especially at Christmastime. This soup is also served at weddings to revive guests at midnight! It is perfect to take away the chill on a cold day.
A very typical Slovak appetizer is the sunkova rolka s chrenovou penou, a slice of ham stuffed with horseradish flavoured cream. Bryndza cheese appetizers in pastry dough or flavored with paprika and served with bread are also typical appetizers.
Miesany salat (mixed salad) is readily available in Slovakia.
There are a couple of dishes that are typically Slovak that we want to bring to your attention. The first is bryndzove halusky, a serving of dumplings with melted sheep cheese and fried bacon sprinkled on the top. Many refer to this as the national dish and it is usually the least expensive menu item. Sometimes, for some reason, they are listed in the dessert section. Another traditional dish is strapacky s kapustou, dumplings with cabbage and sometimes bacon.
Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst
The most famous caves under the surface of the Slovak landscape can be found on the UNESCO World Heritage List. In the caves there is the possibility to study geological history over tens of millions of years.
Dobsinská žadová jaskyňa is a real karst rarity among ice caves. It is the largest ice cave in Slovakia and the first cave in Europe to have electric lighting (since 1887). The magnificent conglomeration of ice formed huge arches of rock. The abundant mass of ice in the cave worked out in the form of an ice-covered floor, frozen waterfalls, ice stalagmites and pillars.
Opening hours in season: 01.June-31.Aug: 9:00-16:00 (entries in every hour), off season: September: 9:30-14:00 (entries: 9:30 11:00 12:30 14:00). Closed: 01.oct-14.may
Jaskyňa Domica is unique with the abundant presence of bats (about 1500 of 16 different species). There is a huge underground hall with cascading waterfalls. An interesting attraction is a boat ride on the river "Styx".
Opening hours in season: June, July and August, 9:00-16:00, off season: 9:30-14:00
The distinctiveness of Ochtinská aragonitová jaskyňa is the mineral aragonite, a form of white to brown calcium carbonate, which makes up the interior of the cave. "Milky Way Hall" is filled with numerous white aragonite clusters, it is considered to be the most beautiful place in the cave
Opening hours: 01.06.-31.08 9:00 - 16:00 (entries in every hour)-except Mondays 01.04.-31.05. and 01.09.-31.10 entries: 9:30, 11:00, 12:30, 14:00
Gombasecká jaskyňa earned the name "fairy tale" because of the curious decoration of glass straw stalagmites and stalactites.
Opeing hours in season: 01.04.-30.06. -except Mondays, entries: 9:30, 11:00, 12:30, 14:00,01.07.-310.8.: 9,00-16,00,off season: 01.09.-31.10. -except Mondays, entries: 9:30, 11:00, 12:30, 14:00
Jasovská jaskyňa was discovered by the monks of the Jasov Premonstrant order, they opened it to the public as the first ever show cave in Slovakia in 1846. speleoclimatic treatments in the cave are being conducted for allergic and asthmatic children.
Opening hours in season April, May, September, October: 4 entries daily: 10:00, 12:00, 14:00, 15:00, June: 9:00-16:00 entries every hour, July, August: 10:00-17:00 entries every hour
Cultural World heritage list in Slovakia
Banská Stiavnica was awarded the official status of a town and mining rights in 1238, however the extraction and processing of metals dates back to the Bronze Age. Maria Thereza established here in 1735 the first technical university of the world, devoted to mining, mineralogy, physics and chemistry.
Link: www.banskastiavnica.sk, Banska Stiavnica, (UAKOM)
Spisský hrad (Spis castle) forms a single historical settlement unit, with its surrounding settlements. It was constructed in the 12th century and belongs to the largest castle of its kind in Central Europe. The history of Spisské podhradie and Spisska Kapitula with the complex of chapter houses and cathedral are closely connected with Spis castle.
Bardejov has the first written references from the 13th century. The town's economy reached its peak in the 15th century, by exporting linen. It had curative spa, mills, brewery, brickworks, a slaughter-house and it was a trading and craft centre
Vlkolinec is a remarkably intact settlement of 45 buildings with the traditional features of a one-time Highland mountain village. The first written reference to this village was in 1376.
Link: www.slovakopedia.com , www.liptovskemuzeum.sk